161 Florence was the youngest daughter of Henry Austin Cliff and Sarah nee Cox (see Cliff). When she was only three, Florence’s mother died of tuberculosis. Her father Austin’s movements after this time are unclear but he must have raised Florence and her siblings Allan Henry Austin, Rose Helena, Ellen and Jessie. Florence married William Joseph Neale on 9 June 1909 in Adelaide. William was the fourth child of John Henry Neale and Ellen nee Harding. Incidentally William had a sister with the same name as his wife, Florence Mary, 3 years younger. William and Florence had 4 children, their first born, Austin Henry William, named after her father. Niemann May NIEMANN b 29 Oct 1879 Noarlunga d 3 Jun 1881 Noarlunga aged 1 year 7 months bur 5 Jun 1881 St Philip & St James Noarlunga Daughter of Henry & Jessie Henry Harris Niemann was born in Noarlunga in 1853, a son of Alfred Theodore Niemann and Hannah nee Harris. He was baptised at St Philip and St James on 14 May 1855. Alfred Niemann arrived in South Australia on Captain Finnis’s ship, the Joseph Albino, from the Cape of Good Hope in 1846. Captain Finnis used the ship to export goods and also took on passengers. It is not known how Alfred Niemann came to be in South Africa, but he may have been descended from a contingent of German immigrants who migrated there during and after the period of Dutch rule. Alfred married Hannah Harris, who had arrived in South Australia on the Warrior in 1840 with her family. After teaching in Walkerville for a short time, Alfred brought his family to Noarlunga in about 1851, where he and Hannah raised eight children. Alfred was the schoolmaster of a group of fifteen students at Cherry Gardens in 1857, his licence not recommended for renewal as the school was considered too small. Alfred’s explanation of the poor attendance of pupils was that the parents were not inclined to lose the services of their children by sending them to school. In the event of a single holiday, parents were accustomed to keeping their children home for a whole week. (South Australian Register, 4 March 1857). Alfred became schoolmaster of the Victoria School at Morphett Vale in 1858. He was criticised by the inspector for a decline in attendance and the quality of instruction.