Community Wellbeing Monitor

Community wellbeing is of fundamental importance to the City of Onkaparinga, particularly in achieving our vision of ‘strong, vibrant communities’. Our definition of community wellbeing is a community that is vibrant, liveable, equitable, culturally enriched, healthy, viable and prosperous. We also believe that the values that underpin community wellbeing are good governance, active citizenship and social justice.

We have identified four major areas that can be used to determine the level of wellbeing experienced in communities–Environmental, Economic Development, Social Development and Health. Within each of these four determinants of wellbeing we have identified key monitor areas which have a number of indicators (Figure 1). These indicators highlight important trends and issues in the community and can allow us to measure and track progress in achieving community wellbeing.

The Community Wellbeing Monitor (Monitor) provides a comprehensive snapshot of the wellbeing of communities within the City of Onkaparinga. The Monitor is updated biennially and reports on the progress of community wellbeing through longitudinal trend research related to each of the indicators within the four determinants of wellbeing.

As the Monitor provides longitudinal trends related to community outcomes, this research forms an integral part in the development, and on-going review, of the City of Onkaparinga’s Community Plan and associated Strategies and Strategic Management Plans. Moreover, community wellbeing is also a goal of South Australia’s Strategic Plan (SASP).

The focus of the Monitor is on community outcomes, rather than organisational outputs (key performance indicators), as outcomes measure a change in the conditions of a community, whereas key performance indicators are associated with whether a particular service has achieved a specific performance goal or objective. Therefore, in this edition of the Monitor, the total number of indicators has been considerably reduced to 36 from 53 to focus on an indicator set that measures outcomes (removed indicators). This review was conducted in collaboration with managers and key staff within the City of Onkaparinga (1).

Figure 1: Four determinants of community wellbeing





CWM biodiversity icon Biodiversity CWM education icon Education CWM arts logo Arts CWM Addictive Behaviours Addictive
CWM coast and marine icon Coast and Marine CWM employment icon Employment CWM community participation and leadership icon Community
 Participation and
CWM communicable diseases Communicable
CWM climate change energy and natural hazards icon Climate Change
 and Energy
CWM tourism icon Tourism CWM cultural heritage and history icon Cultural Heritage
 and History
CWM community safety Community Safety
CWM open space icon Open Space CWM growth icon Growth CWM housing icon Housing CWM food security Food Security
CWM waste icon Waste   CWM service availability icon Service
CWM healthy weight Healthy Weight
CWM water icon Water      



To measure community outcome progress a baseline report was initiated in 2009 to establish a set of preliminary reference data for each of the monitor areas (2). Each monitor area is comprised of a measurable set of indicators, as described above, with data for each indicator sourced from a range of agencies which are stated at the beginning of each monitor section and listed in detail in the reference list.

This report is the fourth update of the Monitor and identifies trends over time that will assess the progress of community wellbeing. The indicator diagrams will pictorially represent the progress of that indicator as a comparison of the most current available data with baseline data.


For further information regarding the Community Wellbeing Monitor please contact Kate Smith, Research Officer on 8384 0778 or email